What Are the Different Types of Abortion?

There are two types of abortions:

  • Medical
  • Surgical

One is chosen depending on various factors, including how far along a pregnancy is, which is confirmed during an appointment and ultrasound.  

What Is a Medical Abortion?

A medical abortion is the termination of pregnancy through a medication regimen. This medication is sometimes referred to as the “Abortion Pill” and comprises two drugs; mifepristone and misoprostol.

Mifepristone acts by blocking an essential pregnancy hormone called progesterone. Misoprostol then induces contractions and bleeding to push out the pregnancy tissue.

This procedure is not safe for all women, however. According to the Mayo Clinic, this procedure is not meant for women who:

  • Have a pregnancy older than 9 weeks
  • Have an IUD in place
  • Have an ectopic pregnancy
  • Have certain disorders or conditions associated with blood clotting, the heart, blood vessels, liver, kidney, lung, or seizures
  • Take blood thinning medications
  • Have allergies to medications used
  • Do not have access to emergency or follow-up care.

What Is a Surgical Abortion?

A surgical abortion is a termination of pregnancy through either a Dilation and Curettage (D&C) or Dilation and Evacuation (D&E). One will be chosen depending on the gestational age of the fetus. However, both are invasive techniques that utilize surgical instruments and suction to remove the fetus from the uterus.

Since these are more aggressive procedures, it’s essential to know the risks and speak to a trusted provider or care center to discuss risks and to answer any questions you may have.

According to the Cleveland Clinic, some of these risks include:

  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Uterine infection
  • Uterine bleeding

Now What?

Knowing how far you are in pregnancy and understanding your options can be assessed during a confidential appointment. Contact us today for a free pregnancy test, ultrasound, and options counseling. We’re here for you, no matter your situation or needs.